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Recent Study Highlights Underutilization of WIC Program

Recent Study Highlights Underutilization of WIC Program
Recent Study Highlights Underutilization of WIC Program

A Neutral Overview of USDA's Findings

A study published by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service provides new insights into the utilization of the WIC (Women, Infants, and Children) program. This federal nutrition program, while crucial for many, appears to be underutilized by a significant portion of its eligible population.

Study Findings on WIC Participation

  • Participation Rates: Of the estimated 12.13 million individuals eligible for WIC in 2021, only about 51% (6.21 million) participated.

  • Detailed Insights: The study offers data on coverage rates by various demographics, including urban and poverty status, and participation rates by state, race, and ethnicity.

  • Recent Trends: Preliminary data suggests an increase in WIC participation in most states, with current beneficiaries totaling approximately 6.7 million. Congressional Funding and WIC

The study underscores the importance of congressional funding for the WIC program. The Biden-Harris Administration has requested Congress to fund WIC adequately to support the increased participation. The outcome of this request is pending.

Role of WIC and Congressional Support

Historically, WIC has been linked to positive health outcomes, such as improved infant health and nutrition. Congressional funding has been a key factor in enabling the program to provide services to all eligible participants. The American Rescue Plan Act has also contributed to efforts to modernize WIC.

Efforts to Address Participation Gaps

The USDA study highlights the potential for increasing WIC participation. Efforts to close the participation gap could have implications for addressing broader issues of hunger and nutrition in the U.S.

Additional Information

For further details on the WIC program and the USDA's efforts to enhance its reach and effectiveness, visit the FNS website at

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